About U.A.E.
1- About United Arab Emirates

The United Arab Emirates is a constitutional federation of seven emirates; Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm al-Qaiwain, Ras al-Khaimah and Fujairah. The federation was formally established on 2 December 1971 (= National Day: Independence Day from U.K.).

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) occupies an area of 83,600 sq km along the south-eastern tip of the Arabian Peninsula. Qatar lies to the west, Saudi Arabia to the south and west, and Oman to the north and east. The capital and the largest city of the federation, Abu Dhabi, is located in the emirate of the same name.

Four-fifths of the UAE is desert, yet it is a country of contrasting landscapes, from awe-inspiring dunes to rich oases, precipitous rocky mountains to fertile plains.

The United Arab Emirates, one of the world's fastest growing tourist destinations, has all the right ingredients for an unforgettable holiday, sun, sand, sea, sports, unbeatable shopping, top-class hotels and restaurants, an intriguing traditional culture, and a safe and welcoming environment.

Physical Features

Despite the fact that four-fifths of its land area is arid desert, the UAE is a country of contrasting landscapes. The UAE has 734 Km of coastline, 644 Km along the Arabian Gulf and 90 Km bordering the Gulf of Oman. Along the Arabian Gulf coast are offshore islands, coral reefs and salt marshes, whilst stretches of gravel plain and barren desert characterize the inland region.

The western interior of the federation, most of which is Abu Dhabi territory, consists mainly of desert interspersed with oases. One of the largest oases is Liwa, beyond which is the vast Rub al-Khali desert, or Empty Quarter, which stretches beyond the UAE’s southern border.

To the east lie the Hajar Mountains chain which reach north into the Musandam peninsula at the mouth of the Arabian Gulf. The rocky slopes rise to 1300 meters within UAE territory, falling steeply to the UAE’s East Coast on the Gulf of Oman where a fertile alluvial gravel plain separates the precipitous mountains from the ocean. To the north-east, a fertile gravel plain also separates the mountains from the coast around Ras al-Khaimah.


The UAE lies in the arid tropical zone extending across Asia and North Africa. Climatic conditions in the area are strongly influenced by the Indian Ocean, since the country borders both the Arabian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. This explains why high temperatures in summer are always accompanied by high humidity along the coast. There are noticeable variations in climate between the coastal regions, the deserts of the interior, and mountainous areas.

From November to March daytime temperatures average a very pleasant 24° C (75° F). Night-time temperatures are slightly cooler, averaging 13° C (56° F) and less than 5° C (40° F) in the depths of the desert or high in the mountains. Summer temperatures are high, and can be as high as 48° C (118° F) inland, but it is lower by few degrees in coastal. Humidity in coastal areas averages between 50 and 60 per cent, touching over 90 per cent in summer and autumn. Inland it is far less humid.

Local north-westerly winds (shamal) frequently develop during the winter, bringing cooler windy conditions. Prevailing winds, which are influenced by the monsoons, vary between south or south-east, to west or north to north-west, depending upon the season and location.

Average rainfall is low at less than 6.5 centimeters annually, more than half of which falls in December and January.

Water temperatures in the Gulf exceed 33°C in summer, falling in winter to 16°C in the north and 22–24°C in the south.

2- Abu Dhabi

The first region encompasses the city of Abu Dhabi. The second region has Al Ain as the capital. This is a fertile area, rich in greenery with plenty of farms. The third region comprises of 52 villages & has its capital as Zayed City. Headquarters of the Emirates, oil operating companies & embassies are based here.

Its oil wealth has been wisely utilized to encourage a healthy atmosphere of trade & commerce. The large gardens & parks, green boulevards lining all the streets & roads make it an attractive city for tourists. The long coastline, the shallow waters of the southern Gulf, extends from the base of the Qatar Peninsula in the west to the border of Dubai on the Northeast.

This was once the world's best water for pearling. When the pearling industry declined, oil discovery in the offshore oilfields of the southern Gulf revived the economy of Abu Dhabi. Abu Dhabi was also the first Emirate to export oil from Umm Saif offshore field in 1962.

3- Dubai

Dubai is the Second largest Emirate in the UAE. Its total area is about 3,885 square kilometers. It has a population of 674, 101. The ruler of Dubai is His Highness Sheikh Maktoum Bin Rashid Al Maktoum. The city of Dubai is divided by the famous Dubai Creek or KHOR. This natural harbor & Dubai's strategic location on the international trading map has made it one of the world's leading trading & commercial centers.

Dubai is fast becoming a centre of business activities, not only regionally but internationally as well. The reasons are many. Some of these are:

  • The location in the middle oft he UAE coast
  • Free & balanced economic policy
  • Establishment of complete infrastructure of projects alon with other services & utilities


Throughout the year Dubai Hosts international events which are organized in the venues that are highly developed technically & safe & secure as well.

Dubai has traditional markets as well as many luxurious commercial centers thereby becoming a shopper's paradise. The most striking feature of Dubai is the establishment of its Free Zones in several sectors.

4- Sharjah

Sharjah is the third largest Emirate of UAE. With a population of 600,000, H. H. Sheikh Sultan Bin Mohammed Al Qassimi is the ruler of this Emirate. The Emirate of Sharjah extends along 16 kms of UAE's Gulf Coastline & more than 80kms into the interiors. In addition there are three enclaves; these are Kalba, Khor Fakkan & Dibba Al Husn. Area- wise it covers 2600 kms.

Sharjah is the main supplier of liquefied gases to power stations & desalination plants. Sharjah encompasses some important oasis areas; the most famous of which is Dhaid, where a wide range of vegetables & fruits are grown.Education is given a priority, which is evident in its educational institutes & international universities.

It has three seaports, two on its western coast on the Arabian Gulf & the other is the Khor Fakkan Port which is on the Gulf of Oman. It also has an international Airport.

Besides having Corniche beautifully situated in the middle of the city, there are modern shopping malls as well as traditional markets, museums & cultural centres which are a delight to the tourists. The peaceful hamlets of Khor Fakkan & Kalba are major attraction & provide a getaway from the hustle bustle of the city life.

5- Ajman

The Emirate of Ajman is situated on the coast of the Arabian Gulf, extending over a distance of 16km between the emirate of Umm- Al- Quwain & Sharjah. It covers about 259 sq. km which is equivalent to the 0.3% of the country's total area.The ruler of this Emirate is His Highness Sheikh Humaid Bin Rashed Al Nuaimi. It has population of 118,812. The Emirate of Ajman has three geographical regions. They include Ajman City, Masfout region & Manama region.

During the last decade the Ajman Economy achieved marked growth in the various Business sectors. Ajman Port provides superb facilities & incentives to investors & businessmen & the Port Authority has also set up two dry docks.

There are unspoiled beaches, with its distinctive position in the center of the country.

There are few major institutes for higher education. Ajman University for Science & Technology, and secondly the Gulf Medical College which is specialized in medical & health studies. Another institute, The Arab College specializes in Administration sciences & post graduate studies. The agricultural & fisheries sectors cover regions as Helayu, Masfout, Mizaira & Manama. Ajman is also the base for units processing & exporting a variety of fish & seafood to many Asian & European Countries.


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