About U.A.E.
6- Ras Al Khaimah

Ras Al Khaimah is the northerly Emirate at UAE's West Coast. The total area is about 1684 km2 & ranks fourth among the seven emirates in terms of area. The ruler of Ras Al Khaimah is His Highness Sheikh Saqr Bin Mohammed Al Qassimi. The population of this Emirate is 928, 360.There are fertile lands in Ras al Khaimah at the foot of the mountains. It also has archeological sites & tourist attractions.

The economy of Ras Al Khaimah relies on the performance of the industrial, business, agricultural & service centers. There are a number of large size industries depending on local resources, as this Emirate is rich with minerals & raw materials. Traditional occupations of this Emirate are mainly fishing, trading & agriculture, which have been heavily modernized to meet the demands of UAE's economy.

The raw material industries include a ceramics factory. There are also units for production of tiles, bricks, paving stones, marble, mosaic, ready mix concentrate, asphalt & paints.

Fruits, vegetables, milk, poultry are supplied to the other Emirates from here. Ras al Khaimah also has a port & an International Airport.

7- Umm Al Quwain

Umm Al Quwain is situated between Ajman & Ras Al Khaimah on the West Coast. The ruler is His Highness Sheikh Rashid Bin Ahmed Al Moalla. FAQ has a population of 35, 157.This Emirate has a coastline stretching to 24kms. The total area of the emirate is about 777km.

Falaj Al Moalla, an attractive natural oasis, is located 50kms southeast of Umm Al Quwain city. Sinayah Island, lying a sort distance off shore has important mangrove areas, as well as a breeding colony of endangered Socotra cormorants.

UAQ's attraction lies in its long clean beaches, an enclosed lagoon & public horse riding stables. The tourism got a further boost with Dreamland - the world's largest aqua park.

8- Fujairah

Fujairah is situated along the Gulf of Oman. It has a coastline of more than 90 kms. The Ruler is His Highness Sheikh Hamdan Bin Mohammed Al Sharqi. The population of Fujairah at the end of 1999 stood at 92,000.The area of this Emirate is 1165 square kilometer, which is equivalent to 1.5% of the country's total area excluding the islands. Fujairah has a port & an airport. This is only international airport, in UAE, at the Eastern Coast. Because of its beautiful location, Fujairah Government is giving top priority to the tourism industry.

Moreover, several industrial projects have been implemented as well. Agriculture & Fisheries are important sectors, which are developing fast. Fujairah is rich in minerals. Some of which are utilized in a number of local industries while others are exported abroad. Fujairah abounds with gabbro rocks & the diabase minerals, which are exploited in the manufacture of rock wool, used for thermal insulation, oil refineries & in construction field.


9- U.A.E. Timeline

One of the world's most admired young countries, the United Arab Emirates is an example of how dreams of modernity and advancement can translate into reality.

In just 34 years, the UAE, a federation of seven emirates, has transformed itself from a barren desert to a green garden of unparalleled prosperity.

Treaty signed
General Treaty of peace between the British Government and the Sheikhs of Ras Al Khaimah, Umm Al Quwain, Ajman, Sharjah, Dubai and Abu Dhabi is signed. The treaty is aimed at suppressing piracy along the Gulf Coast. From this, the area becomes known as the Trucial Coast.

Agreements reached
Britain signs exclusive agreements with the Gulf States that give Britain control over their foreign affairs and each emirate control over its internal affairs.

His Highness Sheikh Saqr Bin Mohammad Al Qasimi becomes the Ruler of Ras Al Khaimah.

A Trucial Council is formed between the seven emirates to promote increased cooperation among themselves.

Buraimi dispute
With the approval of Britain and the help of the Trucial Oman Levies, forces of the Sultan of Muscat and Oman and those of the Ruler of Abu Dhabi move into the Buraimi area. The dispute involved the demarcation of the border between Saudi Arabia and Abu Dhabi.

Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan becomes Ruler of Abu Dhabi. The year also witnesses the establishment of a number of new administrative departments headed by members of the Al Nahyan Ruling Family and some prominent citizens.

British withdrawal
In a speech to the House of Commons, British Prime Minister Harold Wilson, announces the plan for the complete withdrawal of all British forces from the Gulf by the end of 1971. The withdrawal would mean all Gulf states have to carry out their external relations by themselves. Discussions begin on formation of a federation of the emirates.

Case of the three islands
Iran lays claim to the islands of Greater and Lesser Tunbs and Abu Mousa. The following year, Iran occupies the three islands. Since then, the UAE has been repeatedly calling for a peaceful resolution or the use of international arbitration to resolve the issue.

Iran occupation
Iran occupies the islands of Greater and Lesser Tunbs and Abu Mousa.
British evacuation
Sheikh Zayed, representing the UAE, and Sir Geoffrey Arthur, the last British Political Agent in the Gulf, sign a treaty of friendship between Britain and the UAE.
Formation of the UAE
The newly-formed federation including the emirates of Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm Al Quwain and Fujairah takes shape under the able leadership of Sheikh Zayed. The emirate of Ras Al Khaimah joins a year later. Each emirate is represented in the national assembly and the Ruler of each emirate is entitled to vote in the Supreme Council of Rulers. They also agree that the Federation's Constitution would be provisional for five years, after which it would be replaced by a permanent one
Elected President
Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan is elected President and Sheikh Rashid Bin Saeed Al Maktoum, Vice-President. The UAE is established as a federation based on achieving four main objectives: building an educated society; solving regional issues by peaceful means; strengthening ties between Arab countries ? politically, economically and culturally ? and finally, actively participating in international forums and organizations.
Arab League
UAE joins the Arab League. The Abu Dhabi National Consultative Council and the Cabinet are formed. Sheikh Zayed inaugurates the 50-member assembly's first meeting.

His Highness Sheikh Sultan Bin Mohammad Al Qasimi becomes Ruler of Sharjah.

Council created
The Executive Council replaces the Abu Dhabi Cabinet. The Council comprises the Emirates' government departments.
Merger of oil departments
The UAE Cabinet approves the merger of the oil departments of Abu Dhabi, Dubai and Sharjah into a single UAE Petroleum Ministry.

His Highness Sheikh Hamad Bin Mohammad Bin Hamad Al Sharqi becomes Ruler of Fujairah
Foreign aid
Sheikh Zayed allocates 28 per cent of Abu Dhabi's income towards assisting Arab, Islamic and developing countries.

His Highness Sheikh Rashid Bin Ahmad Al Mualla becomes Ruler of Umm Al Qaiwain. His Highness Sheikh Humaid Bin Rashid Al Nuaimi becomes Ruler of Ajman
GCC formed
The Gulf Cooperation Council, a union among the states of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the UAE, is formed with the purpose of establishing joint projects in various fields. The Council's first meeting is held in Abu Dhabi.
Delma oil project
The foundation is laid for a $700-million project to develop one of the largest oil fields.

Women's role in society
Upon the inauguration of the new headquarters of the Abu Dhabi Women's Association, Sheikh Zayed states that, according to Islamic and traditional values, a woman's role is the raising of children, but she should not be confined solely to that role.

14th National Day celebrations
Sheikh Zayed confirms his belief that the citizen is the main asset of the country and that the federation's main aim is to serve its citizens .

Normalisation of relations with the Soviet Union
Sheikh Zayed declares that such an act would benefit the UAE.

Dubai mourns
Sheikh Rashid Bin Saeed Al Maktoum dies and is succeeded by his son His Highness Sheikh Maktoum Bin Rashid Al Maktoum as Vice-President of the UAE and Ruler of Dubai.
Supports Kuwait
The UAE condemns the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait. Sheikh Zayed refuses to compromise with Saddam, declaring it was not "our duty to save his face".

Foreign bases not welcome
Sheikh Zayed rejects the setting up of permanent foreign bases in the UAE, stating that help from friends was acceptable but bases in the UAE were neither acceptable nor welcome.

Call for an end to Iraqi embargo
Sheikh Zayed stresses the fact that 18 million Iraqis were unjustly paying the price on Saddam Hussain's behalf and calls for an immediate lifting of the sanctions imposed on the country after the 1991 Gulf War.

UAE's Silver Jubilee
The UAE celebrates its 25th National Day and Sheikh Zayed's 30th anniversary as Ruler of Abu Dhabi.
Federation's capital
The Supreme Council agrees to make the UAE's temporary constitution permanent and names Abu Dhabi as the federal capital. Sheikh Zayed stresses the importance of running the federation through hard work, which he says is the responsibility of the younger generation.

Boycotts the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) economic summit being held in Qatar, due to the deadlock in the peace process and the rejection of the event by Arab leaders.

UAE-Iraqi relations
UAE restores diplomatic relations with Iraq.

Accord signed with Oman
Sheikh Zayed and His Majesty Sultan Qaboos sign an agreement defining the borders between the two countries. Thanks to the tireless efforts of Sheikh Zayed, the agreement resolves border differences between the two countries.
Row with Saudi Arabia
The rapprochement between Saudi Arabia and Iran triggers criticism from the UAE. Sheikh Zayed states the UAE was treated in a cold and alienating manner. The issue is resolved following Qatar's mediation.
UAE Forces in Kosovo
Under Sheikh Zayed's instructions, UAE Forces participate with a contingency with KFOR, the Nato-led international force, established under a UN mandate to bring about security and peace in Kosovo. The UAE is the only Arab country to have participated in the peacekeeping mission.

Support for intifada
The UAE's position was clear, says Sheikh Zayed. "We also affirm the continuation of our firm and principled position in support of the Palestinian intifada and the balanced resolutions of the Palestinian National Authority in rejection of such aggressive Israeli policy."
Celebration of stability
In a message to the UAE people on the UAE Federation's 30th National Day, Sheikh Zayed states patience, perseverance and continued hard work are the reason behind the security and stability of the country.

Cabinet reshuffled
Sheikha Lubna Al Qasimi appointed first woman minister.
Sheikh Zayed passes away
He is succeeded by his eldest son, His Highness Sheikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan.
General Sheikh Mohammad Bin Zayed Al Nahyan appointed Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi.

Armed forces
General Sheikh Mohammad Bin Zayed Al Nahyan is appointed Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces.

Dubai mourns
Sheikh Maktoum Bin Rashid Al Maktoum dies, and is succeeded by his brother, His Highness Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum as Vice-President of the UAE and Ruler of Dubai.

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